What does a healthy diet imply?
When the food you eat contains all the essential nutrients, contains a variety of healthy food from all the food groups and when the calories consumed match the calories expended to help you stay on a healthy weight, it is called a healthy diet. Such eating patterns limit consumption of sugar, salt (sodium), solid fat and alcohol.
I am concerned about my eating pattern and lifestyle. Who is the best person to guide me regarding this?
Registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) are health professional who are masters in the field of nutrition and food. An RDN is the best person to offer counselling on eating patterns and provide a personalized diet chart after getting a detailed history about your eating pattern, lifestyle and health status.
How many servings do I need to consume from each food group?
The number of servings recommended depends on the calorie needs of the person. In general, it is advisable that we eat 2 cups of fruits, 2.5 cups of vegetables and make half the grains we consume as whole grains to stay on a healthy balanced weight.
Is too much of an essential nutrient too harmful to health?
Human body needs different nutrients in different proportions for a balanced body and good health. Authorities in food and nutrition have defined tolerable upper levels (UL) of all the nutrients as the maximum quantity that can be consumed by a normal individual that poses no threat to our health. The UL is different for different nutrients. When a person consumes beyond these levels, it can cause serious health damages.
Nowadays, most of us rely on fibrous foods to stay healthy. But, are there different types of fiber in food and how much of fiber is good enough for the body?
Fiber in foods can be categorized into soluble and insoluble, each having a different effect on the human body. As per DRIs, the recommended quantity of fiber for adults up to 50 years of age is 25 grams per day for women and 38 grams for men. For people above 50, it is 21 grams in the case of women and 30 grams for men.