Diabetes and high blood pressure are two of the most prevalent diseases amongst people worldwide. Having diabetes or high blood pressure means that the person is at an increased risk of heart disease, mostly heart attack or stroke.
Diabetes & Heart Disease
Statistics show that 68% of people with diabetes aged 65 years and older die from heart disease and 16% die of a stroke. Diabetics are at an increased risk of heart disease generally, they are at an even higher risk for heart disease compared to non-diabetics and can also develop heart disease at a younger age. In general, people with diabetes are nearly 2 times likelier to die from heart disease or stroke. Such individuals usually have comorbidities such as high blood pressure and high cholesterol that increase their risk of heart disease and stroke.
Prediabetes and diabetes are linked to rapidly increasing obesity rates. Obesity is termed a ‘global epidemic’ and is yet another cause of diabetes, high BP and cardiovascular diseases in individuals. Inexpensively available junk food products, sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy food habits are major contributors to increasing obesity rates. Many have taken undue advantage of soaring obesity rates luring people for weight loss/slimming with unscientific methods and practices that are extremely harmful and hazardous to life. To find practical solutions to your weight loss goals in a scientific way it is recommended that you get in touch with reputed nutritionists and dietitians at www.firsteatright.com.
Blood Pressure & Heart Disease
Blood pressure is the pressure of blood in your arteries and high blood pressure implies that your blood pressure levels are consistently beyond the recommended levels. High blood pressure is a prominent risk factor for heart attack and the narrowing and blocking of blood vessels due to such increase in BP elevates your risk for heart disease.
Prediabetes & High Blood Pressure Together Increase Heart Risk
Latest study has found that high blood pressure and prediabetes together can do more harm to your body than either one alone. Earlier studies that tried to find a link between slightly elevated blood sugar levels and high blood pressure concluded that prediabetes did not increase cardiovascular risk by itself. But prediabetes paired with high blood pressure increased the risk of coronary artery disease and cardiovascular events.
Insulin resistance (sporadic increase of glucose and insulin levels) is an underlying reason for prediabetes and this causes excess insulin secretion. Such insulin secretion increases triglyceride production which elevates the risk of atherosclerosis. Hypertension makes your heart work harder than normal and this makes the heart and arteries more prone to injury. Hypertension increases the risk of heart failure and when it is coupled with prediabetes too, heart disease and stroke risk increase by multi-folds.
Diabetes is often coupled with high blood pressure, high cholesterol and high LDL (bad) cholesterol levels. Poor management of these conditions can triple the risk of heart disease which serves as the main reason for heart disease seen commonly in people with diabetes.
People should start taking these conditions seriously as both, prediabetes and high blood pressure affect blood vessel integrity and result in stroke-the leading cause of disability and the second-leading cause of death in the world.
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Dietitian & Nutritionist Dr. Nafeesa Imteyaz.