Wedges, pumps, stilettos, cone heels, ankle booties and more help women seem taller by 8 inches or more. Walking in stilettos needs one to master the art carefully as it is no joke moving around with such high heels. Our poor toes and feet withstand the heel’s pressure. These tiny little body parts are pressurized each day to bear the brunt of our body’s weight. Sometimes, people apply pressure to the toes while playing some sport or during some fast-paced action making toe cramps common.
Toe cramps happen suddenly and might seem harmless but sometimes the twitching and twisting results in extreme pain. You might experience a toe cramp due to different reasons:
Ill-fitting shoes: Pointed heels, shoes that are too tight near the toes or ones that don’t fit you right can put pressure on the entire feet, especially the toes. When the shoes don’t fit you well, they might cause muscle injuries too.
Dystonia: Spasms of a group of muscles or even a single muscle. This is not a disease, but a symptom caused due to other diseases such as multiple sclerosis, brain injuries, Wilson’s disease or even stroke.
Blood flow: Improper postures can affect blood flow to different parts of the body. Lack of proper blood flow to the feet or toes results in aches and spasms. Even sitting continuously for hours, sitting cross-legged for a long time or suffering from diabetes impacts blood flow to the toes.
Neuropathy: Damage to the nerves causes spasms, pain, cramps and tingling. Parkinson’s disease and diabetes are two conditions that can cause nerve damage.
Dehydration: We must always consume sufficient amount of water to stay healthy. Dehydration is a major reason for muscle cramps on the toes. These are sure to happen when the muscles are overexerted or when the shoes don’t fit well. Dehydration can also cause electrolyte imbalance which again cause spasm or cramps. Also, any problems with any organs can cause organ failure which again can alter electrolyte levels. This prevents the body from absorbing nutrients. Individuals with a higher risk for kidney or liver failure should visit a doctor if they experience muscle spasms.
Restless leg syndrome (RLS): Almost one-third of people aged above 50 experience RLS which is characterized by foot and leg cramps during the night and an odd sensation in the leg both of which make it difficult for a person to fall asleep during the night. For more insight into RLS, please visit the website www.firsteatright.com where you can find a detailed explanation.
Muscle tightening: Each of our toes are made of hundreds of muscles that help in movement and any tightness in these muscles can cause muscle spasms and pain. Learning a new exercise, not leading an active lifestyle or not stretching before exercise are common causes of muscle tightening.
There is no treatment as such recommended as home remedies are the ones that are often sought after for treating muscle spasms. These include:
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Dietitian & Nutritionist Dr. Nafeesa Imteyaz.