High blood sugar levels are synonymous with diabetes. Too little insulin produced in the pancreas, body not accepting or making use of the insulin produced or both these together can be reasons for diabetic patients to have increased blood glucose levels. It is possible to manage diabetes with an efficient health care team that holds responsibility for medical assistance, a healthy diet plan and physical activity.
India has more than 70 million people suffering from diabetes across all age groups with many more remaining undiagnosed. It is an irony that almost everyone knows someone suffering from diabetes. Type 2 diabetes, due to excess weight gain, is the most common form of the disease which develops slowly over time. Diabetes is of great risk as it paves way for many other diseases such as heart attack, stroke and kidney, eye and nerve damage. While the cause for diabetes is not completely understood, experts feel that genetics, illness, overweight and aging are triggering factors. Food is not a cause but a cure for managing diabetes.
Insulin Availability & Sugar Levels
To completely understand diabetes, we first need to learn the relationship between insulin and glucose. Insulin allows glucose to pass through cells making it available to our body to use and store the energy.
Though pancreas secretes insulin, the insulin is either not used by the cells or the pancreas does not secrete enough insulin. This is characteristic of Type 2 diabetes. The restricted glucose builds up in the blood and a person having high glucose levels is termed to be having high blood sugar. Such high blood sugar levels travel through our body damaging the cells that cross their way.
If you doubt one or more of these symptoms in your body, please visit your physician immediately. You doctor is the right person to confirm diabetes using any of these tests given below:
Diabetic goals include:
Normal blood glucose levels include:
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Dietitian & Nutritionist Dr. Nafeesa Imteyaz.