“Congrats! You are pregnant!” This statement brings in different feelings in couples depending on the background of the pregnancy. Natural conception brings in elation and joy, artificial insemination leaves the couple with a sigh of relief and couples who conceive naturally after consecutive abortions start hoping for the best right from day 1 of pregnancy. Gone are the days when our mothers and grandmothers delivered even 10 babies through natural conception and normal deliveries. Now, we struggle for a single kid owing to unhealthy lifestyle practices and environmental effects.
Pregnancy: Threaded with Intriguing Experiences
Our hearts skip a beat when we first see the fetus inside our womb in the ultrasound scan. There aren’t enough words to describe the pleasure and happiness experienced by every woman undergoing the scan. These scans are performed between 6 and 9 weeks to confirm pregnancy, fetal heart activity and the due date. But even before that, the pregnant woman might suffer from nausea and vomiting issues which are one of the first signs of pregnancy.
Nausea and vomiting commonly called as morning sickness occur in 50-90% pregnancies starting from the 6thweek of gestation, peaking around the 12thweek of pregnancy and subsiding thereon in 90% women. Rarely, between 1 and 10% women suffer from continued vomiting and nausea beyond their 20thweek of pregnancy. There is nothing harmful about morning sickness in fact, it serves as a protective measure for the woman and her fetus against harmful substances in food. There are even studies supporting that morning sickness paves way for lesser chances of a miscarriage or stillbirth. Read more about how morning sickness acts as a protective measure against miscarriage from the website www.firsteatright.com.
Morning sickness is acceptable until it is not harmful on you or the fetus but if you experience excessive vomiting or nausea owing to which your body fails to save your food as energy you may be diagnosed with hyperemesis gravidarum. Hyperemesis gravidarum is usually associated with weight loss, nutritional deficiencies, acid-base imbalance and sometimes even death. It requires hospitalization in less than 2% of the population.
This condition is commonly due to rising serum levels of hormones such as HCG and estrogen. It might be indicative of multiple pregnancies or hydatidiform mole (mimicking a pregnancy but in reality, it is an abnormal tissue growth). Risk factors for hyperemesis gravidarum include:
The physician enquires about the symptoms, medical history is taken down and he/she performs a physical exam even suggesting for lab tests sometimes to confirm the diagnosis. The treatment suggested depends on the intensity of the condition.
Dietary modifications in women suffering from hyperemesis gravidarum include:
AVOID FRAUD. EAT SMART.
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Dietitian & Nutritionist Dr. Nafeesa Imteyaz.