Zoonoses is a disease or an infection that is transferred from an animal to a human either through direct contact or through food, water and the environment. Humans and animals coexist with each other. The coalesce between human, animals and the environments we live are sources of diseases impacting public health and the social and economic well-being of the world.
Animals are advantageous to us in multiple ways. We keep them as pets to give us comfort and happiness, use them at the circus to perform tricks, watch them at proximity in a zoo or country fair or encounter wildlife when engaged in outdoor activities. Most importantly, animals provide us with meat, dairy and eggs.
Zoonotic diseases are common worldwide, and scientists believe that more than 6 out of 10 known infectious diseases in people are spread from animals while 3 of 4 emerging infectious diseases are again spread from animals. Zoonoses may be bacterial, viral, parasitic or can even include some unconventional agents.
Animals and individuals closely connect with each other and hence, there are various ways in which infections can spread. They include:
Because you don’t have a pet or don’t go to the zoo doesn’t mean that you are safe. Schools, stores, parks, fairs and even our homes (mosquitoes, ticks and fleas bite people every single day) are common places where chances of coming in contact with animals are higher. But, there are simple ways to keep yourself and your family protected from the attack of zoonotic diseases. They include:
AVOID FRAUD. EAT SMART.
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Dietitian & Nutritionist Dr. Nafeesa Imteyaz.