Diabetes is a disorder wherein your blood sugar levels remain high over a prolonged period. This condition can be managed with proper medication, self-monitoring and lifestyle changes. Diabetic people have increased glucose levels because of too little insulin produced by the pancreas or the body does not accept or use the insulin produced, or a combination of both.
Diabetes requires maintaining blood sugar levels within a health range to stay in control of the disease. This can be done through healthy diet plans and physical activity. Some people might also require medication and insulin injections along with these lifestyle changes to keep diabetes in check.
Functionality of Insulin
Insulin, a hormone needed by cells to store and use energy from food, is liable for getting glucose into your cells. This does not happen in someone with diabetes as insulin is not able to fulfill its duty. So, glucose is not transferred to the cells and piles up in your blood. Increased glucose levels move through your entire body and damage cells all through their way.
Frequent urination, constant thirst, unconditional weight loss, tiredness, irritability, blurred vision, frequent illness or infection and poor circulation (tingling or numbness in the feet or hands) are common symptoms of diabetes.
If you ever feel like you have one or more of the symptoms listed above, consult a doctor immediately. A physician is the right person to diagnose diabetes after looking at the results of any of these blood tests:
While most of the people can control blood glucose levels by eating right, indulging in some physical activity and maintaining a healthy weight, few others require medications or insulin injections to manage the relationship between glucose and insulin.
The best way to manage diabetes is to understand the impact of foods and nutrition on our body. You can seek the advice of a registered dietitian nutritionist at www.firsteatright.com to help you combat diabetes while helping you obtain all the nutrients required by your body to stay healthy.
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Dietitian & Nutritionist Dr. Nafeesa Imteyaz.