There exists bacteria, fungi, virus and other pathogens that reside comfortably inside the human body. Our body proves to be a cool and comfortable place for formation of stones too! Kidney stones are hard mineral deposits that form when substances such as calcium, oxalate and uric acid become hard enough to adopt a stone structure inside our kidneys. More commonly witness among the male population compared to the female population, there is always a chance of recurrence of kidney stones within 10-15 years in almost 50% of people who have had one already.
Origin & End
Almost 80-85% stones comprise of calcium while the rest are uric acid stones in people with low urine pH levels. Once formed in the kidney, these stones can move down to the ureter thereby restricting urine flow. This might cause excruciating pain accompanied by blood in the urine, nausea, vomiting and flak pain (pain on one side of the body between the stomach and the back). When the stone passes down the ureter further towards the bladder there might be instances of frequent urination, bladder pressure or pain in the groin.
During such instances, it is advisable to meet a physician who will perform the required tests to confirm the presence of kidney stones, their size and numbers. The excretion of these stones varies anywhere between few weeks to months depending on the size and number. Medications prescribed help to reduce pain and discomfort until the stones are chucked out of the body. Sometimes, the stones are too large to pass naturally and are removed with the help of a surgical procedure called ureteroscopy.
There is no sure way to prevent kidney stones, specifically when you have a family history of it! Almost one in ten people will have a kidney stone in their lifetime. Proper diet, a healthy lifestyle and certain medications might reduce the risk of this condition. Get in touch with a registered dietitian nutritionist at www.firsteatright.com to get tips and tricks that help a person lead a healthy lifestyle in a practical way. Simple tips include:
AVOID FRAUD. EAT SMART.
+91 7846 800 800
Dietitian & Nutritionist Dr. Nafeesa Imteyaz.