Blood sugar levels of some individuals increase in the morning due to the body’s release of certain hormones. This is a normal phenomenon that occurs in the early morning hours, between 4 a.m. and 8 a.m. in diabetic people.
In general, dawn phenomenon is experienced by all individuals and it is only the extent of blood sugar levels that change. The only difference is that people with diabetes might experience increased symptoms due to rise in blood sugar levels.
Effects of Dawn Phenomenon on Diabetics
The dawn effect happens when hormones such as cortisol, glucagon and epinephrine are released by the body which in turn trigger the liver to release glucose. Unusually high blood glucose levels occur 8-10 hours after going to sleep when people have diabetes. The reasons for such high early morning blood sugar levels include:
The medication and treatment for this is similar to normal diabetes treatment procedure. By synchronizing your diet, medication and physical exercise properly the symptoms and problems can be kept under control. To adopt a healthy diet that can help maintain blood sugar levels, get in touch with a registered dietitian nutritionist at www.firsteatright.com. Dawn phenomenon might require some other additional changes to be incorporated to prevent any unwanted effect on body health. Some simple steps that can be taken by people experiencing dawn phenomenon include avoiding skipping meals and medications, refraining from eating carbs before bedtime, consuming medications close to bedtime, avoiding taking medicines during dinner and by reshuffling your medications entirely or changing a few doses after consulting your physician. You can even do some light physical activity such as walking, slow jogging or yoga after dinner.
Symptoms & Severity
Tiredness, vomiting, nausea, lingering thirst, weakness and disorientation are some of the common symptoms of high blood sugar levels. It is needed to correct these increased sugar levels by meeting a physician before it can result in dangerous consequences such as nerve or blood vessel damage, organ damage and ketoacidosis (over presence of acid in bloodstream).
Effect on Type 1 & Type 2 Diabetes
Actually, more than the diabetes type or the treatment plan, it is the individual who is pivotal for treatment. Individuals with type 1 diabetes might get a change of dosage or insulin type to account for changes overnight. People who wear an insulin pump might get their pump adjusted such that they get their extra insulin delivered in the morning without fail.
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Dietitian & Nutritionist Dr. Nafeesa Imteyaz.