This is one of the most common uncommon conditions we have come across in our lives but affecting more number of people than type 2 diabetes could. As the name suggests, restless leg syndrome (RLS) causes an unpleasant or uncomfortable sensation in the legs that urges you to move your leg as a reflex action. Symptoms start in the late afternoon or evening hour and attain maximum intensity at night as the person is sedentary, simply sitting or lying in bed. The same is experienced when a person is inactive or sitting for extended time periods (in a plane, while travelling, watching movie, etc.). As the symptom attains peak at night, sleep becomes a great problem.
RLS is categorized both as a sleep disorder, since maximum symptoms get triggered while trying to sleep, and a movement disorder (this is because individuals are forced to move their leg to get some relief). Neurological sensory disorder would be the best classification as symptoms of RLS start from within the brain.
Usual Symptoms of RLS
During the initial stages people with RLS may experience remissions where individuals show improvement in symptoms over a period of few weeks or months before the symptoms become severe once again.
The cause for RLS is unknown in most cases. Genes or low levels of iron in the brain can cause RLS. Certain evidence also points to the fact that RLS is a dysfunction associated with one section of the brain that control movement. People with iron deficiency, end-stage renal disease, certain medications that may aggravate RLS, use of nicotine, caffeine and alcohol, pregnancy (occurs mostly in the last trimester and symptoms usually disappear within 4 weeks after delivery) and neuropathy are at an increased risk of developing RLS.
One can confirm the presence of RLS with these five conditions:
Adapting healthy lifestyle changes, increasing iron intake (if needed), using anti-seizure drugs and other medicines can relieve pain in an individual. Eating healthy foods and exercising regularly are the most essential lifestyle changes that need to be adapted by individuals to decrease the effect of RLS. For such healthy adaptations, it is better to get in touch with a nutritionist/dietitian at www.firsteatright.com who can help you take up nutritious eating schedules. RLS is a lifelong condition that has no cure. But treatments can help to alleviate pain and help to bring about sleep in an individual. Symptoms aggravate with age and it is more complex in persons who have some other medical conditions as well. If RLS symptoms are mild and do not cause much discomfort in sleep routines and daytime activities, the condition needs no treatment.
Sexually transmitted diseases are infections caused by bacteria, parasites, yeasts and viruses that spread between patients through sexual contact (oral, vaginal or anal). HIV, gonorrhea, human papilloma virus (HPV) infection and syphilis are the most common STDs. Being infected with an STD makes it easier for the HIV to get access into the human body due to sores or break in the skin. STDs can cause uncompromising damage to the human body and even result in death at times.
Symptoms of STD differ from person to person and even more shocking is that, men and women with the same STD have different symptoms. Painful urination, unusual discharge from the vagina or penis and fever are the most common symptoms. While STDs caused by bacteria, yeast or parasites can be treated with antibiotics, there is no cure for the ones caused due to viruses and treatment can only help ward off pain and keep the disease under control.
To avoid all these painful procedures, it is better to safeguard ourselves against the attack of these infections by taking cardinal preventive measures:
Syphilis may cause miscarriage and still birth, HIV infection can be passed to a baby during vaginal birth and gonorrhea and chlamydia may cause health problems in an infant right from eye infections to pneumonia. Read more on HIV and its grave effects on the human body at www.firsteatright.com.
One day we are told that drinking tea is good for health. The very next day a new study tells us that drinking excess tea hampers health. The latest news is that, eating nearly 1/3rd cup of almonds daily either alone or in combination with almost 1/4th cup of dark chocolate and 2 1/3 tablespoon of cocoa a day may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease.
The Concept Behind Good Health
LDL cholesterol is called as bad cholesterol as it can clog arteries and this type of cholesterol needs to be minimized in our body. Combining raw almonds, dark chocolate and cocoa helps to reduce the quantity of low-density lipoprotein particles in the blood of overweight or obese people. Read more on the disadvantages of LDL cholesterol and its negative effects on our body at www.firsteatright.com.
It literally does not mean that you should relish chunks of dark chocolate every single day along with almonds to lower LDL cholesterol. People can have up to 270 discretionary calories daily and having foods such as dark chocolate, almonds and cocoa as discretionary foods rather than munching frosted donuts or cheese popcorns warrants better health benefits.
We already known that eating each of these items separately benefits our health and this study mainly focuses on the combined effect of these ingredients on our health. Combining almonds with dark chocolate and cocoa is the key here. In the absence of almonds, chocolates neither increase nor decrease cholesterol levels. Researchers feel that cocoa might become a crucial nutritious food because of the presence of various bioactive components and its delicious taste.
This study is of utmost importance as it focuses on replacing saturated fat coming from dairy fat (butter and cheese) with unsaturated fat coming from nuts (almonds) which has a positive effect on the plasma lipid concentrations.
We store so many foods in our freezers nowadays that almost all of us would be familiar with the term ‘thawing’ which literally means to unfreeze or warm. In this hurry-burry world, we all prefer eating ready-to-eat foods instead of wasting our time in the kitchen.
We come back from work and when we reach out to prepare something for dinner, we realize that we forgot to thaw something for dinner. We pull some meat or chicken from the freezer and thaw it under hot water to immediately defrost it. Some other times, we take the food out of the freezer and leave the package outside forgetting about it all through the day at office.
Both these situations are of grave concern and can result in foodborne illness. Raw meat, cooked meat, poultry and egg products must be maintained at a safe internal temperature when they are thawed. Thawing should be practiced safely because when foods are left at temperatures between 40°F - 140 °F for more than two hours, it causes the bacteria to multiply. A food thermometer can be used to measure internal temperature of raw meat and poultry to check whether the food is cooked adequately. Ways to use a food thermometer is listed in the website www.firsteatright.com.
Thawing can be done in three ways efficiently:
Refrigerator: Planning well ahead of time is the key to this method. You can use a plate to catch the juices that might leak during the process and place the plate in the bottom of the refrigerator. We can freeze the thawed food in the refrigerator before or after cooking. Any meat or poultry can be thawed using this method as this is the safest one available for such foods.
Cold Water: Though faster than the previous method, more caution is needed while performing this method. Firstly, food must be placed inside a leak-proof package or plastic bag to prevent bacteria from the surrounding area to enter the food. Sometimes, meat tissue might absorb water resulting in a watery product.
Then, the food must be submerged in cold water and this water must be changed every 30 minutes. Ensure that the entire food content is cooked immediately after thawing. The fastest way to thaw, it takes a couple of hours depending on the weight of the food to be thawed.
Microwave: Take the food to be thawed, remove any store wrapping and follow microwaving instructions to thaw foods. Immediately cook the thawed food and refreeze them only after they are completely cooked.
Cook without Thawing
If you decide in the last minute and don’t have ample time to thaw or if you are in a hurry, the safest way to cook foods is in the frozen state itself. One disadvantage in cooking foods without thawing is that, it takes 50% more time to cook such foods. Cooking without thawing is completely applicable for frozen vegetables which can be cooked in ½ cup of water, drained and seasoned with our favorite seasonings.
AVOID FRAUD. EAT SMART.
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Dietitian & Nutritionist Dr. Nafeesa Imteyaz.